Tooth problems can arise as a result of various dental reasons, and these problems could lead to tooth loss. Apart from problems related to chewing and appearance, tooth loss also causes severe discomfort in the jawbone and negatively affects one’s quality of life.
Dental implants are structures that are designed in the shape of a screw or tooth root and are used in the treatment of tooth loss. These structures look and function like natural tooth roots. Contrary to common knowledge, a dental implant is a structure placed in the bone, not the whole tooth. Through a surgical procedure, dental implants are placed in the jawbone where they fill the gap created by tooth loss. That being said, dental implants can be inserted after tooth extraction.
Types of Dental Implants
There are two main types of dental implants, depending on where they are inserted in the mouth:
Endosteal Implant: These types of implants are placed directly in the jawbone and hold one or more artificial teeth in place. Endosteal implants look like small conical or cylindrical screws.
Subperiosteal Implant: This type of implant has a metal base that is attached to the jawbone or under the gum tissue. Artificial roots are attached to support the protrusions on the gums, imitating natural tooth roots. Subperiosteal implants are used less than endosteal implants. However, these types of implants are ideal for patients whose bone tissue will not support the endosteal implant. The most suitable dental implant to be inserted depends on the need of the patient and the decision of the physician. Also, the dental implant can be inserted to a single tooth or the entire mouth. When done for the whole mouth, the process can be completed in a single day; implants are permanent, unlike traditional dentures that can be inserted and removed.
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